On closer inspection: Altenburg get a town

Bedeutsames romanisches Denkmal: Die
In 976, the diocese Zeitz got the castle (civitas) Altenburg and nine villages from the surrounding area as a present from Otto II. In the deed of donation Altenburg is mentioned at first in 976.
Among the nine villages was „Podegrodici“ (Pauritz). In the 10th century the first German settlement “Nashausen” arose next to the Sorbian Village “Podegrodici”. It is a colony of tradesmen with a market place at the today’s “Brühl”. A further German nucleus of population emerged in the area at today’s „Nikolaiviertel“. For ensure the royal might against the efforts for autonomy of the upper nobility,
Konrad II. (reigned 1024-1039) had deployed dependent porter as trustees and peace officers, the so-called empire ministries. The referee of Pleißen land belonged to them and had his domicile at Altenburg castle as the deputy of the emperor. He had judicial sway about the castle and the castle area. In 1172, Hugo von Wartha was named as referee of Pleißen. The network of the burgwards was displaced by the system of burgraves in central German area. Heinrich I. von Altenburg was the first burgrave.

The emperor of Hohenstaufen dynasty, Frederic the first (1152-1190) called Barbarossa was interested in combine the Pleißen empire territory, that was in constitution since 1158 and to give it a centre. The Pleißen country was combined to „terra plisnensis“. The centre was the royal palace Altenburg that tree existing settlement areas (Pauritz, Brühl, Nikolaiviertel) were subordinated. So that an urban centre arose under the dominance of authority of Hohenstaufen dynasty. The new developed residential township, with a civic character, became assigned the Goslar municipal law and so its first legislation. The foundation pillar for a settlement were established.
On the trade routes Leipzig-Zwickau-Nürnberg and Goslar-Naumburg-Prag situated and vested with the castle complex as a political and military base royal lordship, Altenburg arose to a meaningful centre point and emporium of Pleißen country.
In the year 1256, after the collapses of sway of Hohenstaufer dynasty the Altenburg citizen let prolong and ratify the municipal law, which they held since the formation of the empire by emperor Barbarossa, from margrave to Meißen, Heinrich the first (der Erlauchte).